Vomiting is relatively common in dogs (much more so than in humans) either for relatively benign reasons such as the elimination of something irritating in the stomach, or for much more serious reasons (a tumor of the stomach). stomach or severe disease of another organ).
Vomiting once or twice without showing any other symptoms and throwing up several times in an hour looking tired are two very different things.
My dog is vomiting, what can I do?
First of all, try to analyze the situation.
Vomiting or regurgitation?
Vomiting is an active phenomenon (phase of worry with often licking of the lips, salivation, then contractions of the abdomen) and consists of the ejection of gastric and duodenal contents (which gives bilious vomiting, yellow – greenish) which does not necessarily mean “liver trouble”.
Regurgitation is passive and occurs without prior sign, in particular without abdominal effort, with expulsion of the contents of the esophagus, namely either saliva or undigested food.
The causes of vomiting and regurgitation are often very different. Regurgitation and esophageal problem are often associated.
Is the situation worrying or not?
My companion is relatively as usual, he does not have a fever, is not dehydrated and does not show other worrying signs (diarrhea, weakness, shortness of breath, abdominal pain). He presented with occasional and isolated vomiting. A priori you can try to take care of it.
If he is taking medication, think that some may cause stomach irritation and / or nausea, it is better to stop taking them for a few days.
If in doubt, and if your dog is taking treatment after a serious illness, do not abstain, do not hesitate to call or consult your veterinarian.
How do I assess my dog’s hydration?
- Turn a lip over and run your finger over the gums, they are normally wet and your finger should be wet. If they are dry, your pet may be dehydrated.
- Another means of evaluation: the skin fold. Fold the skin at the neck, like a small pointy hat, for a few seconds, then release. The skin should return to its normal position within 2 seconds if your dog is well hydrated. A persistent fold is a sign of dehydration.
After your assessment, two main situations:
- Your dog rarely vomits, his general condition is good (“as usual”): what can you do? (throughout the procedure you should carefully monitor your dog’s hydration and general condition)
- Never medicate your companion without seeking veterinary advice. Two examples: anti-vomiting drugs can mask the assessment and the real course of the problem and many drugs can exacerbate the vomiting (such as antibiotics or anti-inflammatories)
- Remove any food, drink, or “treats” (resting the stomach and intestines). Eating too quickly is the number one cause of vomiting again. Prevent access so that he cannot swallow anything, even water from puddles. . .
- If there is no vomiting after 6 – 8 hours, start giving small amounts of water (10 ml / kg spread over 2 to 3 hours). If your dog vomits right after taking the water, go through a period of abstinence and try to get him to suck on small pieces of ice. If he does not vomit, continue to give him water, gradually increasing the amount.
- After 12 hours without vomiting, give your dog small amounts of palatable food so as to give about 10 g / kg spread over 2 hours. Then do as for water for 1 to 2 days before giving it back to its usual food. If, during this phase, your dog vomits again, you can start again by monitoring his hydration but it is advisable instead to consult your veterinarian.
- Composition of a food when resuming the diet, some examples:
( Warning !, This is not a balanced food therefore cannot be given in the long term)
- Chicken and rice
Cut boiled chicken breast into small cubes, and add boiled rice (1/3 – 2/3). (quantity see above)
- Cottage cheese and rice
Mix cottage cheese (low in fat) and boiled rice (1/3 – 2/3). (quantity see above)
- jar Mix one part of baby food (chicken, turkey, beef) and 2 of boiled rice. (quantity see above)
- Chicken and rice
- My dog is tired and / or dehydrated, vomiting is frequent, he seems painful and worried, not very responsive to your stimuli: it is urgent to have him examined. Likewise, promptly consult your veterinarian in the following situations: violent vomiting (like a projectile), more than 3 vomiting in 1 hour, presence of blood in the vomit, suspected ingestion of a toy, a foreign body or of a poisonous, very young or very old dog.
If you hesitate between these two situations, caution is required, do not hesitate to ask your veterinarian for advice.
Vomiting in dogs: can i prevent it?
We often forget about prevention. Of course, many causes of vomiting cannot be avoided, but prevention is still possible in some cases. Your vigilance can be very helpful.
Some situations for which prevention of vomiting is possible:
- If you want to change the diet of your companion, do it gradually by making a food transition (you also prevent the risk of diarrhea).
- Avoid donating bones which are very often involved in the occurrence of vomiting (traumatic effect on the stomach lining) but also of constipation (very hard whitish stools)!
- Pay attention to the quality of the toys you offer. Some break up into very pungent pieces that can be ingested! Likewise, try to prevent your dog from eating the contents of garbage cans or even the grass from the mowing.
- Prevent him from swallowing too much stale water or seawater (which makes vomiting easily)!